Flora and Fauna
Bhutan is divided zone wise: The Alpine Zone (4000m & above), Temperate Zone (2000 to 4000m), and Subtropical Zone (150m to 2000m). The various forests that constitute the flora of the country are Upland Hardwood Forest, Broadleaf mixed with Conifer, Fir Forests, Blue Pine Forest, Mixed Conifer Forest, Chirpine Forest, Lowland Hardwood Forest and Tropical Lowland Forests.
There are 300 species of medicinal plants in Bhutan and Blue Poppy is the national flower of the country. Some of the animals that can be found in the jungles and various regions of the country are snow leopards, Bengal tigers, red panda, gorals, langurs, Himalayan black bear, sambars, wild pigs, barking deer, blue sheep, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, sambars, the wild pigs, barking deer, clouded leopards, one horned rhinoceros, elephants etc.
Bhutan has 221 bird areas and havens 670 bird species. Out of which 415 are resident bird species and 50 species of birds that come to reside in the country during winters. Forty species of birds such as fly catchers, swifts, warblers, the bee-eaters, cuckoos etc., are partial migrants. Bhutan also shelters endangered birds such as Pallas Fish eagle, bellied heron, Blyth’s King fisher. Phobjikha valley in Wangdue Phodrang and Bomdeling in Trashi Yangtse also houses endangered Black Necked Crane.